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Appendix 2: Glossary of Key Organisations and Strategies

Published onNov 29, 2023
Appendix 2: Glossary of Key Organisations and Strategies

APPG (All Party Parliamentary Group)

All-Party Parliamentary Groups (APPGs) are informal cross-party groups that have no official status within Parliament. They are run by and for Members of the Commons and Lords, though many choose to involve individuals and organisations from outside Parliament in their administration and activities. 

AHRC: Arts and Humanities Research Council (2005 - )

The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) is a national funding agency supporting arts and humanities research and study in the UK.[1] The themes of their research range from world-class, independent research in subjects from philosophy and the Creative Industries, to art conservation and product design.[2] The AHRC was created in 2005 following a government review of research funding in the arts and humanities and was the successor to the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB), which had been created in 1998.[3]

Arts Council of England (1994 – )

Arts Council England is a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. It is a so-called ‘arms length organisation’ which means that it is not directly controlled by politicians, but managed at one remove to protect its independence. It is a registered charity. The current iteration was formed in 1994 when the Arts Council of Great Britain (founded in 1946) was divided into three separate bodies for England, Scotland and Wales. Arts Council England has been responsible for distributing lottery funding. The arts funding system in England underwent considerable reorganisation in 2002 when all of the regional arts boards were subsumed into Arts Council England and became regional offices of the national organisation.

Arts Council of Wales (1994 – )

The Arts council for Wales was established in 1994, it became accountable to the National Assembly for Wales in 1999. The Welsh Government provides ACW with money to fund the arts in Wales. ACW also distributes National Lottery funding for the arts in Wales, allocated by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).The Arts Council of Wales is a registered charity.

BBC (1922 - )

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service established in 1923 under a royal charter and operates under its agreement with the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee which is charged to all British households, companies, and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts or to use the BBC's streaming service, iPlayer. The fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, and is used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, and online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 2014, it has also funded the BBC World Service (launched in 1932), Some of the BBC's revenue comes from its commercial subsidiary BBC Studios (formerly BBC Worldwide), which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, and from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd.

BIS: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (2009-2016)

The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) was a ministerial department of the United Kingdom Government created in 2009 by the merger of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR). It was disbanded on the creation of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in 2016.

BEIS: Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2016-2023)

The Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) was formed during a machinery of government change in 2016, through a merger between the Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills (BIS) and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC). In 2023, the department was dissolved. Its functions were split into three new departments: the Department for Business and Trade, the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero, and the Department for Science, Innovation, and Technology.

BFI: British Film Institute (1933 - )

The British Film Institute (BFI) is a film and television charitable organisation which promotes and preserves film-making and television in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1933 to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom, to promote their use as a record of contemporary life and manners, to promote education about film, television and the moving image generally, and their impact on society, to promote access to and appreciation of the widest possible range of British and world cinema and to establish, care for and develop collections reflecting the moving image history and heritage of the United Kingdom. The BFI uses funds provided by the National Lottery to encourage film production, distribution, and education. It is sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, and partially funded under the British Film Institute Act 1949. BFI is an executive non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

BOP: Burns Owens Partnership (1997 - )

BOP Consulting is a global research and consulting practice for culture and the creative economy. Established in 1997 working primarily on local cultural development issues it is now an international consultancy delivering over 100 projects each year. BOP works with its clients – among them government bodies, leading arts and cultural organisations, property developers and international agencies – to plan, design and deliver sustainable cultural projects through rigorous and effective research. BOP has offices in London, Edinburgh, Taipei and Shanghai, and continues to play a central role in promoting culture and the creative industries within broader economic, social and educational agendas.

Business Improvement District

Business Improvement Districts are business led partnerships which are created through a ballot process to deliver additional services to local businesses. They are a tool for directly involving local businesses in local activities and allow the business community and local authorities to work together to improve the local trading environment. A Business Improvement District is a defined area in which a levy is charged on all business rate payers in addition to the business rates bill. This levy is used to develop projects which will benefit businesses in the local area.

CEZ: Creative Enterprise Zone (2018 - )

Creative Enterprise Zones are a Mayoral initiative to designate areas of London where artists and creative businesses can find permanent affordable space to work; are supported to start-up and grow; and where local people are helped to learn creative sector skills and access pathways to employment. The programme launched in 2018. The zones are in Brent, Croydon, Haringey, Hounslow, Islington, Lambeth, Lewisham, Hammersmith & Fulham, Ealing, Waltham Forest, and Westminster, with a single zone across both Hackney and Tower Hamlets.

CIC: Creative Industries Council (2011 - )

The Creative Industries Council (CIC) is a joint forum between the Creative Industries and government. The Creative Industries Council (CIC) was created by the UK Government in 2011, to provide an industry and government forum that could support partnership working and stimulate policy and industry change.[4]

CIF: Creative Industries Federation (2014 - 2021)

The Creative Industries Federation was a membership body which aimed to represent, champion and support the UK’s Creative Industries. Its membership included a large number of Creative Industries businesses as well as freelancers. In September 2019 it was announced that the Creative Industries Federation would be merging with Creative England, becoming ‘Creative UK’ (a move which finally took place in 2021).[5]

Creative England (2011 - 2021)

Creative England was a national agency which invested in and supported creative ideas, talent and businesses in film, TV, games and digital media.[6] It was initially set up in 2011 as the first national development organisation for the Creative Industries, consolidating a number of regional screen agencies, and was primarily an organisation focussed on providing practical training opportunities and funding. Creative England had a particular focus on channelling investment and opportunities outside of London. In September 2019 it was announced that the Creative Industries Federation would be merging with Creative England, becoming ‘Creative UK’ (a move which finally took place in 2021).[7]

Creative Industries Clusters Programme (2018 – 2023)

Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and its partners in UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) launched the Creative Industries Cluster Programme in 2018, bringing businesses, organisations and universities together in local ecosystems. The £80 million investment aimed to drive innovation and skills and to create products and experiences that can be marketed around the world. The nine creative clusters were announced following a year-long selection process and drew from some of the UK’s best performing and world-renowned creative companies, from the screen industries and digital storytelling to fashion and video games. The Creative PEC and an Immersive Storytelling centre were also developed alongside the clusters. The initial programme ran from 2018-2023 at which point it was identified as part of the ‘growth moment’ outlined in the Creative Industries Sector Vision.

Creative Industries Sector Deal (2018) / Creative Industries Sector Vision (2023)

The government and the creative industries sector, through the Creative Industries Council (CIC), have agreed a Sector Deal to unlock growth for creative businesses in 2018. It set out almost £150 million of public investment, matched by more than £200 million from industry. This included support for creative clusters in the form of the £56 million Creative Industries Clusters Programmes which drove Research and Development (R&D) across the UK. The 2023 sector vision sets out actions that the UK government and industry have committed to delivering now. This includes £310 million in government spending, with approximately £233 million of existing public funding since the 2021 Spending Review and £77 million in new government spending announced at the 2023 creative industries growth moment. This new spending is focused on boosting creative clusters and supporting businesses to grow and export, underpinned by a new commitment to deliver a pipeline of skills and talent. It is accompanied by a plethora of undertakings from creative industries sub-sectors.

Creative PEC: Creative Industries Policy and Evidence Centre (2018 - )

The Creative Industries Policy and Evidence Centre (Creative PEC) is a policy and research centre which works to improve the quality of evidence for the Creative Industries, for three main stakeholders: industry, policymakers and the wider research community.[8] It was first funded for five years alongside the Creative Industries Sector Deal, with funding secured ahead of this date as part of the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund.[9] At this stage the Creative PEC was led by Innovation Foundation Nesta and included a consortium of universities based across the UK. Following the conclusion of this funding, the AHRC decided to re-invest in the Creative PEC, awarding it an increase in funding (amounting to £11m) over another five years. As the priorities of Nesta had changed since the Creative PEC’s launch, a tender process was launched to support a new organisation to lead the Creative PEC. This was won by the University of Newcastle, alongside the Royal Society of Arts (RSA). The PEC works by consulting industry about the challenges that the sector faces, from its limited diversity, to skills gaps, barriers to trade, and local growth in the sector. They then put these questions to a UK-wide group of researchers, and feed the evidence and policy advice back to policymakers.[10]

Creative Scotland (2010 - )

Creative Scotland is the public body that supports the arts, screen and Creative Industries in Scotland by distributing funding from the Scottish Government and the National Lottery and by advocating for the creative sector.[11] It was created by the Public Services Reform (Scotland) Act in 2010 and combined the remits of Scottish Screen and the Scottish Arts Council.[12] Screen Scotland is a screen unit within Creative Scotland which was launched on 21 August 2018 in response to industry lobbying that the sector needed a distinct unit.[13]

CCSkills: Creative & Cultural Skills (2005 – 2023)

Creative and Cultural Skills was a UK charity, whose role was to act as the sector skills body for the cultural industries. Established in 2005 as one 25 sector skills councils tasked with reducing skills gaps and shortages, boosting sector skills and promoting career routes such as apprenticeships, it was abolished in 2023. During that period CCSkills ran many impactful programmes and events, delivered thousands of advice and support sessions, fostered important relationships and authored research.

CreativeUK (2021 - )

CreativeUK is a not for profit organisation created in the merger between the Creative Industries Federation and Creative England in 2021. The organisation combines the practical support (e.g. investment funds and training opportunities) of the latter, with the advocacy work of the former. They continue to have a membership function, and run a flagship annual festival called the Creative Coalition Festival.[14]

Creative Wales (2020 - )

Creative Wales is a Welsh Government agency set up in 2020 to support the Creative Industries in Wales, with the exception of fine art, dance, theatre and poetry which fall outside of their remit (these sub-sectors are covered by the Arts Council of Wales).[15]  They connect people and businesses to foster new opportunities; provide knowledge and resources to upskill the workforce and support our trainees; and invest in ideas and people to help our creative economy flourish.[16]

DCMS: Department for Culture, Media and Sport (1997-2017; 2023 - )

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport is a department of the UK Government focussed on supporting culture, arts, media, sport, tourism and civil society across every part of England.[17] Its remit covers the Creative Industries, the National Lottery, licensing, gambling and the historic environment.

DDCMS: Department for Digital, Culture Media and Sport (2017 - 2023)

The Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport was a department of the UK Government founded in 2017 under the premiership of Theresa May which had a remit to “protect and promote our cultural and artistic heritage and help businesses and communities to grow by investing in innovation and highlighting Britain as a fantastic place to visit.”[18] Alongside the areas which were already the responsibility for the DCMS, its expanded brief included the digital sectors - namely telecommunications, data protection, internet safety, cyber skills and parts of media and the Creative Industries.[19]  The Department was dissolved by Rishi Sunak MP in 2023 and replaced by the re-created Department for Culture, Media and Sport, with the digital brief moved to the newly created Department for Science, Innovation and Technology.[20] 

Equality Act (2010)

The Equality Act 2010 has the primary purpose of consolidating, updating and supplementing the numerous prior Acts and Regulations, that formed the basis of anti-discrimination law : These consisted, primarily, of the Equal Pay Act 1970, the Sex Discrimination Act 1975, the Race Relations Act 1976, the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 and three major statutory instruments protecting discrimination in employment on grounds of religion or belief, sexual orientation and age.  The Act protects people against discrimination, harassment or victimisation in employment, and as users of private and public services based on nine protected characteristics: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex, and sexual orientation. In the case of disability, employers and service providers are under a duty to make reasonable adjustments to their workplaces to overcome barriers experienced by disabled people.

ESRC: Economic and Social Science Research Council (1965 - )

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), formerly the Social Science Research Council(SSRC), is part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). UKRI is a non-departmental public body (NDPB)funded by the UK government. ESRC provides funding and support for research and training in the social sciences. It is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. It aims to promote and support, by any means, high-quality research and related postgraduate training on social and economic issues: develop and support the national data infrastructure that underpins high-quality research; advance knowledge and provide trained social scientists who meet the needs of users and beneficiaries, thereby contributing to the economic competitiveness of the UK, the effectiveness of public services and policy, and the quality of life; communicate clearly and promote public understanding of social science.

Jerwood Arts (1999 - ).

Jerwood Arts is a charity supports excellence and emerging talent in the arts and crafts in the UK. It was established in 1999 by Jerwood Foundation to take on and develop project funding activity through an endowment fund of £25 million which was set up in 2005. It merges with Jerwood Foundation in 2024. Up to £2 million of grants will be awarded each year.

LEP: Local Enterprise Partnership

There 36 Local Enterprise Partnerships  (LEPs) across England. They are business led partnerships between local authorities and local private sector businesses. They play a central role in determining local economic priorities and undertaking activities to drive economic growth and job creation, improve infrastructure, and raise workforce skills within the local area. LEP boards are led by a business Chair and board members are local leaders of industry (including SMEs), educational institutions and the public sector.

Levelling Up (2019 - )

"Levelling up" is a political programme first articulated in the 2019 Conservative Party manifesto that aims to reduce the imbalances, primarily economic, between areas and social groups across the United Kingdom. It seeks to do so without acting to the detriment of prosperous areas, such as much of South East England.  In September 2021 the Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government was renamed the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities. The successful bids for the first £1.7 billion tranche of the Levelling Up Fund were announced with the budget. Of an original £600 million ambition in the 2021/2022 financial year, only £107 million of levelling up funds were delivered to projects, later reduced to £200 million in plans. The 2022 White Paper lists 12 missions, aimed to be achieved by 2030: Increase pay, employment and productivity; Domestic public investment in R&D outside south-east to rise by at least 40%.;London-style public transport connectivity across the UK; Nationwide broadband; Fixing the education gap; Skills training; Narrowing life expectancy gap, with a UK-wide rise of five years by 2035; Rise in wellbeing; Decreased inequalities; Rise in overall number of first-time homebuyers; Crime reduction, and Devolution in England.

Nesta (1998 - )

Nesta was created in 1998 as the first publicly supported national endowment in the UK: the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts.[21] Its three objectives, as articulated by Chris Smith, the then-Secretary of State, were to “help talented individuals to develop their full potential”, “to turn creativity into products and services”, and to “advance public appreciation of the Creative Industries, science and technology”.[22] The first chair of Nesta on its creation was David Puttnam, a celebrated British Irish film producer. From its inception, Nesta had a focus on creative work, and over its lifetime has published several of the key texts on the Creative Industries - including on the geography of the Creative Industries and work on the definition of the sector. In 2021, following a change in leadership, Nesta announced its new strategy which for the first time did not have the Creative Economy or arts and culture listed as priority areas.[23]

New Public Management

New Public Management (NPM) is a form of public-sector reform inspired by ideas associated with neoliberalism and public choice theory. The impetus for NPM came from fiscal crises. Talk of the overloaded state grew as oil crises cut state revenues and the expansion of welfare services saw state expenditure increase as a proportion of gross national product, leading to a quest to cut costs. Using government guided private-sector principles rather than rigid hierarchical bureaucracy, was thought to improve efficiency. NPM promotes a shift from bureaucratic administration to business-like professional management but is commonly associated with narrow target setting and target delivery in the public sector (including public-funded culture).

Non-departmental public bodies

In the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied to public sector organisations that have a role in the process of national government but are not part of a government department. NDPBs carry out their work largely independently from ministers and are accountable to the public through Parliament; however, ministers are responsible for the independence, effectiveness, and efficiency of non-departmental public bodies in their portfolio. The term includes the four types of NDPB (executive, advisory, tribunal, and independent monitoring boards) but excludes public corporations and public broadcasters (BBC, Channel 4, and S4C).

NPO: National Portfolio Organisation

National Portfolio Organisation status is given to arts and cultural organisations/agencies in receipt of longterm funding from the Arts Council England (ACE). ACE invested more than £1.5 billion in the National Portfolio programme from 2018/19–2021/22. NPOs are viewed as leaders in their respective areas, with a collective responsibility to protect and develop the national arts and cultural ecology.

NS-SEC

The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC) has been constructed to measure the employment relations and conditions of occupations. The NS-SEC is an occupationally based classification, but it has rules to provide coverage of the whole adult population. The information required to create the NS-SEC is occupation coded to the unit groups (OUG) of the Standard Occupational Classification 2020 (SOC 2020) and details of employment status: whether an employer, self-employed or employee; whether a supervisor; and the number of employees at a workplace.

Regional Development Agency (1998 – 2010)

In the United Kingdom, Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) were nine non-departmental public bodies established for the purpose of development, primarily economic, of England's Government Office regions between 1998 and 2010. There was one RDA for each of the NUTS level 1 regions of England. In 2010 the UK government announced the abolition of the RDAs which took place on 2012, with a view to reducing the government deficit; similar economic development would be undertaken by local councils and local enterprise partnerships (LEPs). There was no direct replacement for the RDAs as LEPs did not at first receive funding from central government, and local councils did not receive an equivalent injection of income from central funds, having been called upon to make savings and support similar initiatives.

Resolution Foundation (2005 - )

The Resolution Foundation is an independent British think tank established in 2005. Its stated aim is to improve the standard of living of low-to-middle income families. It produces some recurring research publications. These include annual 'Low Pay Britain' reports, an annual 'Living Standards Audit', an annual 'Living Standards Outlook', and a quarterly 'Earnings Outlook'. The Foundation also calculates the rates of the voluntary UK and London Living Wages each year, on behalf of the Living Wage Foundation and using the Minimum Income Standard.

RSA: Royal Society of Arts (1754 - )

The Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce , commonly known as the Royal Society of Arts (RSA), is a London-based organisation committed to finding practical solutions to social challenges. The RSA's mission expressed in the founding charter was to "embolden enterprise, enlarge science, refine art, improve our manufacturers and extend our commerce", but also of the need to alleviate poverty and secure full employment. It is built upon the expertise of its Fellowship and organises local and nation talks and debates, and publishes a regular magazine and reports.

Select Committees

Select committees run inquiries on specific topics. The outcomes of these inquiries are public and many require a response from the government. Select committees also carry out their work through correspondence, by engaging with the public through events and surveys, holding round-table discussions and undertaking visits.

ScreenSkills (2018 - ) / Creative Skillset (1992 - 2018)

ScreenSkills (Formerly Creative Skillset) is the industry-led skills body for the screen industries – film, television (including children's, unscripted and high-end), VFX (visual effects), animation and games. Identifying skills gaps – current and future – across the screen industries and the whole of the country to provide an evidence base for investment in skills and training; Providing careers information; Mapping and quality-marking professional pathways to improve entry-level diversity and work readiness; Supporting development at every stage of a professional career in screen including through mentoring and offering bursaries. Funding is via contributions paid by industry into the Film/High-end TV/Children's TV/Unscripted TV/Animation Skills Funds; National Lottery funds awarded by the BFI as part of the Future Film Skills strategy; Awards from partner organisations such as Arts Council England. Partnership with other organisations such as Creative & Cultural Skills (CCSkills) reinforces key messaging on the importance of skills and training to the country’s creative industries.

Social Mobility Commission (2010 - )

The Social Mobility Commission (SMC) is an independent statutory body (an organisation created by an act of Parliament), it is a continuation of the body previously called the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission. Social mobility is defined by it as the link between a person’s occupation or income and the occupation or income of their parents. Where there is a strong link, there is a lower level of social mobility. Where there is a weak link, there is a higher level of social mobility. The SMC publishes an annual report on the progress made towards improving social mobility in the United Kingdom. It is also tasked with promoting social mobility in England, for example, by challenging employers, the professions, universities and schools to play their part in promoting social mobility; carrying out and publishing research in relation to social mobility; providing advice to ministers (at their request) on how to improve social mobility in England.

Taking Part (2005 – 2021) / Participation Survey (2021 - )

The Taking Part survey was DCMS’ flagship survey: a continuous face-to-face household survey of adults aged 16 and over and children aged 5 to 15 years old in England. It ran from 2005 and became the main evidence source for DCMS and its sectors. In 2021, it was updated to the Participation Survey, primarily moving to web-based data collection. The survey’s main objectives are to provide a central, reliable evidence source that can be used to analyse cultural, digital, and sporting engagement, providing a clear picture of why people do or do not engage; and, to underpin further research on driving engagement and the value and benefits of engagement. The survey is commissioned by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and three partner organisations (Arts Council England, Historic England and Sport England).

UK Film Council (2000-2011)

The UK Film Council (UKFC) was a non-departmental public body set up in 2000 to develop and promote the film industry in the UK. It was constituted as a private company limited by guarantee, owned by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, and governed by a board of 15 directors. It was funded from various sources including The National Lottery. It distributed more than £160m of lottery money to over 900 films. Lord Puttnam described the council as "a layer of strategic glue that's helped bind the many parts of our disparate industry together." UKFC closed on 31 March 2011, with many of its functions passing to the British Film Institute.

Warwick Commission on the Future of Cultural Value (2013)

The Warwick Commission model began in 2007, drawing on the scholarly expertise of University of Warwick academics as well as practitioners and policy makers to address issues of global importance. The Commission on the Future of Cultural Value (2013) undertook a one year long comprehensive and holistic investigation into the future of cultural value. A diverse group of cultural leaders, supported by academics from the University, were invited to gather together the evidence and arguments to create a blueprint for the future of investment and engagement in cultural lives in the UK. The Commission’s report brought together the findings of a series of public and private meetings with artists, creative and cultural professionals, economists, business leaders and other stakeholders, backed up by targeted research. A key message from its final report, Enriching Britain: Culture, Creativity and Growth, was that a wide gap needed to be addressed between the UK population and the primary contributors to, and beneficiaries of, its culture and creative ecosystem.



[1] Arts and Humanities Research Council (2017) GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/arts-and-humanities-research-council (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[2] About AHRC (2023). Available at: https://www.ukri.org/who-we-are/ahrc/ (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[3] Arts and Humanities Research Council - Articles - Making History (no date). Available at: https://archives.history.ac.uk/makinghistory/resources/articles/AHRC.html (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[4]Ibid.

[5] ‘How we are run’ (2021) Creative UK. Available at: https://www.wearecreative.uk/about/how-we-are-run/ (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[6] Creative England - The Creative Industries Partners (2020). Available at: https://www.thecreativeindustries.co.uk/partners/creative-england (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[7] ‘How we are run’ (2021) Creative UK. Available at: https://www.wearecreative.uk/about/how-we-are-run/ (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[8] About the PEC (2023) Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre. Available at: https://pec.ac.uk/about-pec (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[9] Creative Industries: Sector Deal (2018). Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport, and Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/creative-industries-sector-deal.

[10] About the PEC (2023) Creative Industries Policy & Evidence Centre. Available at: https://pec.ac.uk/about-pec (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[11] About Us (no date) Creative Scotland. Available at: https://www.creativescotland.com/about (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[12]  Creative Scotland Strategic Framework (2023). Edinburgh, Scotland: Creative Scotland; Screen Scotland. Available at: https://www.creativescotland.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/93795/CS-Strategic-Framework-FINAL.pdf; Screen Agencies: An Overview (2017). ekos. Available at: https://www.creativescotland.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/46551/Screen-Agencies-Working-Paper-Final.pdf.

[13]Screen Scotland Business Plan (2021) Screen Scotland. Available at: https://www.screen.scot/funding-and-support/research/screen-scotland-business-plan (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[14] ‘Annual Creative UK Festival is back for 2024’ (no date) Creative UK. Available at: https://www.wearecreative.uk/event/annual-event/ (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[15] About us (2022) Creative | Wales. Available at: https://www.creative.wales/about-us (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[16] ibid.

[17] Department for Culture, Media and Sport (2023) GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-culture-media-and-sport (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

[18] [Withdrawn] About us (2023) GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-digital-culture-media-sport/about (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[19] Change of name for DCMS (2017) GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/change-of-name-for-dcms (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[20] Jackson, M. (2023) ‘Cabinet reshuffle sees DCMS changes’, PPA, 10 February. Available at: https://ppa.co.uk/cabinet-reshuffle-sees-dcms-changes (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[21] A brief history of Nesta (no date) nesta. Available at: https://www.nesta.org.uk/brief-history-nesta/ (Accessed: 10 September 2023).

[22] Smith, C. (1998) Creative Britain. London, United Kingdom: faber and faber. p.8

[23] Nesta’s Strategy to 2030 (2021) nesta. Available at: https://www.nesta.org.uk/report/nesta-strategy-2030/ (Accessed: 11 September 2023).

 

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